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Q1) How many styles of Shiatsu are in Japan?
Q2) Is 2000 hours training necessary to be a professional Shiatsupractor?
Q3) Is Shiatsu originally from China?
Q4) What does "Shiatsupractor" mean?
Q5) What dose "Derivative Shiatsu" mean?

 Q1) How many styles of Shiatsu are in Japan?

A) There is one style of Shiatsu in Japan which came under regulation by the Ministry of Health of Japan in 1964. In Japan, just as acupuncturists and doctors do, the Shiatsu practitioner must pass a government examination to be licensed. To qualify to write this exam, the candidate must be a graduate of an accredited college. In other words, all Shiatsu practitioners must have an equivalent level of education. Similarly, in Canada, for instance, all qualified chiropractors have same level of education. As there are currently no regulations governing Shiatsu in Canada, the CSSBC has established its own guidelines based on the Japanese regulations and definitions.

Q2) Is 2000 hours training necessary to be a professional Shiatsupractor?

A) Yes. Currently, Shiatsu is not regulated in any province in Canada. However, any health related profession must have knowledge of medical foundations. 2000 hours of education should be a minimum requirement including foundation based on Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology. We should have educational levels which are at least equivalent to other recognized health professionals. (see below)

Educational requirements for Shiatsu and other recognized health related professions in Canada except for medial doctors.

Shiatsu 2000 hours/2year full-time*
Chiropractor 4900 hours/4year full-time*
Acupuncture 1900 hours/3year full-time*
Traditional Chinese Medicine 2600 hours/4year full-time*
Herbology 1900 hours/3year full-time*
Naturopath 4900 hours/4year full-time*
Massage 2200 hours/2year full time (in Ontario)*
3000 hours/3year full time (in BC)*
*these hours are not accurate.

Some people say that Shiatsu is an Eastern therapy. Whether it is Eastern or Western, knowledge of Anatomy, Physiology and Pathology is important and should comprise one third or more of the 2000 hour curriculum. i.e. 700 to 800 hours. The CSSBC is trying to popularize the original Shiatsu which is defined by the Ministry of Health of Japan. One of the purposes of the CSSBC is to promote the establishment of official regulations in Canada. When we apply for approval of the Federal and Provincial Ministries of Health, we must have a 2000 hour curriculum. This is why we strongly recommend a 2000 hour course as an international standard for Shiatsu education.

Q3) Is Shiatsu originally from China?

A) No. In 1912, when Namikoshi Sensei, the founder of Shiatsu, was seven years old, he cured his mother's rheumatism pressing his mother's body using only his fingers, thumbs and palms. He went on to study and established a theory based on an anatomical and physiological understanding of the body.
In 1964, the Ministry of Health in Japan acknowledged Shiatsu as a therapy of Japanese origin.
It is said that the word "Shiatsu" was coined in 1900 by Tenpeki Tamai. Namikoshi Sensei borrowed this term in naming his own therapy "Shiatsu Therapy".
Why do people have the misconception that Shiatsu has such a long history? In 1955, when Shiatsu came under regulation by the Ministry of Health in Japan, Shiatsu, Anma and Massage were all classified in the same category as "hands-on therapies". Anma is a type of Tui-na, or acupressure, used in Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) which has a 4,000 year history. It was imported from China and developed in Japan along with massage and Shiatsu. In 1957 the definition of Shiatsu was established, and finally in 1964, nine years later, Shiatsu was recognized as a separate and unique therapy. It could be said that Anma has a 4,000 year history, originating in China. Shiatsu, however, is a unique hands on therapy, and is not related to TCM, which originated in Japan.

History of Shiatsu
1905 Tokujiro Namikoshi Sensei was born
1912 Cured his mother's rheumatism (birth of Shiatsu Therapy)
1925 Opened the first Shiatsu Clinic in Hokkaido
1933 Opened Shiatsu Clinic in Tokyo
1940 Established Shiatsu school (renamed Japan Shiatsu College later)
1953 Namikoshi Sensei was invited by Dr. Permer who developed Chiropractic Therapy, Iowa, in the U.S.A. (This was the first introduction of Shiatsu to the western world)
1955 Ministry of Health of Japan acknowledged Shiatsu in the same category as Anma (including massage and Shiatsu) under the law
1957 Ministry of Health of Japan issued a definition of Shiatsu
1957 Japan Shiatsu College was accredited by Ministry of Health of Japan
1964 Ministry of Health of Japan determined that Massage, Shiatsu and Anma were different therapies.
1999 Canadian branch of the Japan Shiatsu Association was established in Vancouver with Namikoshi Sensei's approval
2001 the JSA of Canada renamed the CSS of BC

Q4) What does "Shiatsupractor" mean?

A) Shiatsupractor is an internationally recognized title given to those who have the appropriate education. "Shiatsupractor" is a registered trade mark belonging to the International Shiatsu Association. In Canada, this title is granted to CSSBC members in BC and members of the Shiatsu Diffusion Society in Ontario. In areas where there are no government regulations for Shiatsu, this title indicates that the Shiatsu Practitioner practices the original Shiatsu defined by the Ministry of Health of Japan.

Q5) What dose "Derivative Shiatsu" mean?

A) There are many Shiatsu workshops held in Japan. These workshops are mostly organized by graduate students from the Japan Shiatsu College, who learned Shiatsu directly from Tokujiro Namikoshi sensei. In some cases, the workshops become very popular not only in Japan but throughout the world. A good example is the Zen-Shiatsu created by the late Shizuto Masunaga sensei. The techniques taught at the workshops, however, are not recognized as Shiatsu Treatment according to government regulations. Consequently, if a person only has a certificate from attending a workshop, s/he is not eligible to take the government examination to become a professional Shiatsu Practitioner. These techniques are called "Derivative Shiatsu" to distinguish them from the original Shiatsu taught at the school that is registered with the Ministry of Health of Japan.

The following are famous forms of Derivative Shiatsu,

       Tsubo Shiatsu
       Tao Shiatsu
       Ioh-kai (Zen) Shiatsu
       Meridian Shiatsu
       Oha Shiatsu
       Macrobiotic Shiatsu

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